History of KSRTC
In order to cater to the transport needs of the travelling public of the then state of Mysore, Mysore Government Road Transport Department (MGRTD) was inaugurated with 120 buses on 12th September 1948.
The State Transport, which was being administered as a Department of the Govt. of Mysore was subsequently converted into an independent Corporation under Section 3 of the Road Transport Corporation Act, 1950 on 1st of August 1961. The assets and liabilities of MGRTD except those of BTS unit as on 01-08-1961 were passed on to the new Corporation, which was named as MSRTC. The assets and liabilities of the residual MGRTD i.e. of BTS Unit were subsequently passed on to the Corporation on 1st of October 1961. Thus, a Corporation was ultimately established for the entire State of Mysore.
At the beginning, the passenger transport services were operated in 6 Divisions- 5 Divisions operating mofussil services and 1 Division operating city services of Bangalore. It had 37 Depots, 2 Regional Workshops and a Central Office at Bangalore. There were 15 permanent and 30 temporary bus stations with 35 wayside shelters and 104 pick-up shelters. The total number of employees deployed was 9705 and the staff ratio per schedule was 9.43. The total number of routes operated was 1065 with 1029 schedules and route length of 32,134 miles, average daily scheduled mileage being 127571. The total number of inter-state routes operated by the Corporation on a reciprocal basis with the neighbouring States were 40 ie., 29 in Maharashtra, 1 in Goa, 7 in Andhra Pradesh, 2 in Tamilnadu and 1 in Kerala. The total number of vehicles held was 1518 with average vehicle utilisation of 123.8 miles. The average number of passengers carried per day was 4.35 lakh. The rate of breakdown was 1.88 and that of accident was 1.19. Earning per Mile (EPM) realized was 161.6 Ps., and Cost per Mile (CPM) was 127.2 Ps., resulting in net profit margin of 34.4 Ps/mile.
Growth and Progress of KSRTC
Along with the rapid progress of Karnataka in all spheres of activity, KSRTC has emerged as the best organisation in meeting the aspirations of Kannadigas and the people of neighbouring states of Karnataka. As at the end of 31-03-1997, the Corporation operated its services in 19 Divisions - 18 Divisions operating mofussil services and 1 Division operating city services of Bangalore. It had 108 Depots, 2 Regional Workshops and a Central Office at Bangalore. There were 281 permanent and 11 temporary bus stations with 337 wayside shelters and 1009 pick-up shelters. The total number of employees deployed was 59033 and the staff ratio per schedule was 6.22. The total number of routes operated was 13273 with 9493 schedules, route length of 9.49 lakh Kms. and average daily scheduled kms of 27.95 lakh kms. The total number of inter-state routes operated by the Corporation on a reciprocal basis with the neighbouring states were 602 ie., 282 in Maharashtra, 37 in Goa, 223 in Andhra Pradesh, 33 in Tamilnadu and 27 in Kerala. The total number of vehicles held was 10476 with average vehicle utilisation of 299.6 Kms. The average number of passengers carried per day was 57.82 lakh. The rate of breakdown was 0.23 and the rate of accident was 0.22. EPKM realized was 807.3 Ps. and CPKM was 975.4 Ps., resulting in net loss margin of 168.1 Ps./Km.
Bifurcation of KSRTC
To increase operational efficiency, to provide quality transport service to the traveling public and to have an effective supervision on the operations of the Corporation, the Government of Karnataka ordered for bifurcation of KSRTC into 4 separate Corporations vide its order No.HTD 127 TRA 96 dated 22-02-1997.
Thus, KSRTC was a monolithic State Road Transport Undertaking till 1996-97. Thereafter, during the year 1997-98, the State Government divided KSRTC and carved out two new Corporations, viz., the Bangalore Metropolitan Transport Corporation(BMTC) with its corporate office at Bangalore and the North West Karnataka Road Transport Corporation, with its corporate office at Hubli. The Bangalore Metropolitan Transport Corporation which came into being on 15-08-1997 caters exclusively to the city of Bangalore. And the North West Karnataka Road Transport Corporation which came into being with effect from 01-11-1997 caters to the north western districts of Karnataka. NWKRTC became financially independent w.e.f. 01-04-1998 under RTC Act 1982. One more new Corporation called the North East Karnataka Road Transport Corporation was also established with effect from 15-08-2000 with its head quarters at Gulbarga to cater to the north eastern districts of Karnataka, which became financially independent w.e.f. 01-10-2000.
Restructured STU Operations
Present Status (as on 31-07-2018):
KSRTC has its Corporate office at Bangalore. Presently, it covers seventeen Districts (Bangalore Urban, Bangalore Rural, Ramanagar, Kolar, Chickballapur, Tumkur, Chitradurga, Davanagere, Shivamogga, Mangalore, Udupi, Chickmagalur, Hassan, Mysore, Mandya, Chamarajnagar, Coorg) in the State under its operational jurisdiction. It has totally 17 Divisions - 16 operating Divisions viz. Bangalore Central, Ramanagar, Tumkur, Kolar, Chickballapur, Mysore City, Mysore Rural, Mandya, Chamarajnagar, Hassan, Chickmagalur, Mangalore, Puttur, Davanagere, Shivamogga, Chitradurga and 1 bus station division viz., KBS, 83 Depots, 2 Regional Workshops, 1 Central Training Institute, 3 Regional Training Institutes, 1 Printing Press and 1 Hospital. It has a workforce of about 38299 employees. It operates on an average 29.00 lakh kms daily with a fleet size of 8779 vehicles and earns traffic revenue of Rs. 882.71 lakh daily by catering to 29.68 lakh passengers on an average. It stands 5th amongst STUs in the nation by size.
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